Large cities and crowded streets compel the dogs and their owners to have a care. Distemper and automobiles take away two of every five dogs before the age of twelve months, and inoculation against distemper being greatly effective, it is the auto which has become the greatest enemy of the dog. In general, only one grown dog of seven dies of old age. The trained dog has the advantage; he remains by his master’s side or comes quickly when called.
Some puppies defy the world when collar and lead are put on them for the first time. They struggle, hang back, slide and pull. This may be due to contrariness, which some dogs possess just as do humans; but usually the cause is a natural fear-he does not know the meaning of the affair.
At about the age of three months the puppy can be trained for the collar and lead. The earlier ages are preferred for the puppy still considers everything a matter of play.
Put a collar on him a few days before he is first taken on the lead; just leave it on him for these days. Let him become accustomed to it, learning that he need not fear it.
When he is being taken on the lead for the first time, run with him as tho playing. Speak assuringly to him: pat him on the head. You can have a bone, a piece of meat or tidbit in your hand, to tempt him along the way.
If he stubbornly pulls back and slides, walk on, increasing your pace; pay little attention to him. You will not do damage to his sitting apparatus; friction will not injure his nether parts. Stop now and then; pat him and speak to him; then repeat the process.
An excellent method is to take him with an older dog and put both on one lead, or each on a separate lead. The puppy soon imitates the older dog: he sees that the lead is not a strange thing of danger.
I have had all these methods fail and then I resorted to a method which always acomplished the object; as I took the pulling-back dog on the lead, another person came along behind him and communicated with him by means of a light but stinging switch, repeating the communication as the results demanded-not any act of cruelty to a perverse dog.