There was a Black-and-Tan Terrier in England before the days of dog shows, less graceful in outline and coarser in type, to be sure, than those of today. These early dogs did not present the fancy marks of penciled toes and dotted brows; their tan was smutty, but nevertheless they were sound, game, and useful dogs, the most accomplished of rat killers whether in the pit or along water courses.
The Manchester district was a noted center for two “poor men’s sports”-rat killing and rabbit coursing. A fancier by the name of John Hulme, with the idea of producing a dog that could be used at both contests, bred a whippet bitch to a celebrated rat-killing dog, a cross bred terrier dark brown in color. The result of this cross was very satisfactory, the dogs proved useful, and other fanciers in the neighborhood took to breeding them, and the Manchester school of terriers was launched. They advanced in popularity rapidly and soon spread over the British Isles and were brought to this country in considerable numbers. The name Manchester was dropped as being too restricted in its designation, and they have since been known as the Black-and-Tan Terrier.
As a sagacious, intelligent pet and companion and as a house dog, no breed is superior to the wellbred Black-and-Tan. There is a sleek, well-bred appearance about them that no other dog presents. Their long, clean heads, keen expression, glossy coat, whip tail, and smart, wide-awake appearance always command attention. Their cleanly habits and short coats also admit them to homes that shut out their rough-haired brothers.
The Black-and-Tan Terrier, with all his refinement, has lost none of his gameness. He is still per se a vermin dog, unequaled and is capable of holding his own in a rough-and-tumble scrap with anything living of his weight.
In his early history the Black-and-Tan was a cropped dog, and many still admire the alert appearance of a head well set off by a pair of wellcropped ears. When the Kennel Club passed the edict forbidding cropping many fanciers rebelled and some gave up the breed. For a number of years those that stuck to it had their work cut out for them to get rid of the large, heavy ear that could be trimmed long and fine with a certainty of its stand ing erect, and produce in its place the small, thin ear which makes the best appearance when carried semi-erect. Fanciers finally succeeded in breeding them, and the Black-and-Tan will undoubtedly enjoy a recurrence of popularity.
The toy Black-and Tan Terrier is probably more popular today than its larger brother, from which it differs only in size, being nothing more or less than a vest-pocket edition. Its show points are the same. It should be simply a miniature, the smaller the better. The regulation weight is seven pounds, but many specimens are under five.
In selecting Black-and-Tan Terriers, either large or small, look for a long, flat head, free from stop; a lean skull, small, dark eye; long neck, short back, clean shoulders, straight forelegs, whip tail, and the typical black, glossy coat with tan markings.
The following is the standard and scale of points:
HEAD.-Long, flat, and narrow, level and wedgeshaped, without showing cheek muscles; well filled up under the eyes, with tapering, tightly-lipped jaws and level teeth.
EYES.-Very small, sparkling, and dark, set fairly close together, and oblong in shape. NOSE.-Black.
EARS.-The correct carriage of the ears is a debatable point since cropping has been abolished. Probably in the larger breed the drop ear is correct, but for toys either erect or semi-erect carriage of the ear is most desirable.
NECK AND SHOULDERS.-The neck should be fairly long, and tapering from the shoulders to the head, with sloping shoulders, the neck being free from throatiness, and slightly arched at the occiput.
CHEST.-Narrow but deep.
BODY.-Moderately short and curving upward at the loin; ribs well sprung, back slightly arched at the loin and falling again at the joining of the tail to the same height as the shoulders.
LEGS.-Must be quite straight, set on well under the dog, and of fair length.
FEET.-More inclined to be cat than hare-footed. TAIL.-Moderate length, and set on where the arch of back ends; thick where it joins the body, tapering to a point, and not carried higher than the back.
COAT.-Close, smooth, short, and glossy. COLOR.-Jet black and rich mahogany tan, distributed over the body as follows: On the head the muzzle is tanned to the nose, which, with the nasal bone, is jet black; there is also a bright spot on each cheek and above each eye; the underj aw and throat are tanned, and the hair inside the ear is of the same color; the forelegs tanned up to the knees, with black lines (pencil marks) up each toe, and a black mark (thumb mark) above the foot; inside the hindlegs tanned, but divided with black at the hock joint; and under the tail also tanned; and so is the vent, but only sufficiently to be easily covered by the tail; also slightly tanned on each side of chest. Tan outside of hindlegs-commonly called breeching-is a serious defect. In all cases the black should not run into the tan, or vice versa, but the division between the two colors should be well defined.
GENERAL APPEARANCE.-A Terrier calculated to take his own part in the rat pit, and not of the Whippet type.
WEIGHT.-For toys not exceeding 7 pounds; for the large breed, from 16 pounds to 20 pounds is most desirable.